List of Common Milk Adulterants and Their Harmful Effects
Adulterant Added To Damages
Water Increase the volume of milk Decreases the nutritive value of milk; poses health risk especially to infants and children.
Benzoic acid and Salicylic acid Increase its shelf life for long distance transport etc. Linked to Asthma problems and increased levels of Hyperactivity in children.
Detergents Increase the foaming of milk to give it whiteness & thickness. Causes Gastro – intestinal & Kidney complications.
Urea Provide whiteness; increase the consistency of milk and for improving the solid-not-fat (SNF) percentage to imitate natural milk. Overburdens the kidneys and can even cause kidney failure.
Formalin Increase its shelf life for long distance transport etc. Causes liver and kidney damage, as it is highly toxic.
Ammonium Sulphate Increase the lactometer reading of milk by maintaining its density. Can cause irritation in the gastro-intestinal tract like nausea, vomiting & diarrhea. Although it isn’t toxic unless consumed in large quantities. It is also a neurotoxin, i.e. it can cause confusion and behavioral changes.
Starch Increase the quantity and to maintain SNF values in synthetic milk. Can cause diarrhea due to the effects of undigested starch in colon. Its accumulation in the body may prove fatal for diabetic patients.
Carbonates and bicarbonates Mask the pH and acidity values of badly preserved milk to pass it off as fresh milk Can cause disruption in hormone signaling that regulate development and reproduction